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Author Topic: The Basics of Oil - Part 2  (Read 1256 times)

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The Basics of Oil - Part 2
« on: May 11, 2013, 11:43:56 AM »
Oil sources

Crude Oil is a smelly, yellow-to-black liquid and is usually found in underground areas called reservoirs.  Scientists and engineers explore a chosen area by studying rock samples from the earth.  Measurements are taken, and, if the site seems promising, drilling begins.  Above the hole, a structure called a 'derrick' is built to house the tools and pipes going into the Well.  When finished, the drilled well will bring a steady flow of oil to the surface.

The amount of Crude Oil produced (domestically) in the Nigeria has been getting smaller each year especially with the advent of pilfering in the Oil & Gas Sector.   However, for some advanced countries, the use of products made from crude oil has been growing, making it necessary to bring more oil from other countries.  About 58 percent of the crude oil and Petroleum products used in the United States comes from other countries.

Crude oil is made into different fuels

After crude Oil is removed from the ground, it is sent to a refinery by Pipeline, ship or barge.  At a refinery, different parts of the Crude Oil are separated into useable Petroleum products. 

Crude oil is measured in barrels (abbreviated "bbls").  A 42-U.S. Gallon Barrel of crude oil provides slightly more than 44 gallons of petroleum products.  This gain from processing the crude oil is similar to what happens to popcorn, it gets bigger after it is popped. One barrel of crude oil, when refined, produces about 20 gallons of finished motor Gasoline, and 7 gallons of diesel, as Well as other petroleum products

Most of the petroleum products are used to produce energy.  For instance, many people across the United States use Propane to heat their homes and fuel their cars.  Other products made from petroleum include: ink, crayons, bubble gum, dish-washing liquids, deodorant, eyeglasses, records, tires, ammonia, and heart valves.

Definition of terms:

Pipeline   -   A pipe through which natural gas, crude oil or petroleum products are pumped between two points, either onshore or offshore.

Barrel   -   A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. One barrel weights 306 pounds or 5.80 million Btu of crude oil. Barrel is abbreviated as bbl.

Gasoline   -   The light fuel used to spark ignition engines in cars, motorcycles, etc. Modern gasolines are blends of petroleum liquids that are produced in several different processes and which generally contain additives.

Propane   -   A heavy gaseous hydrocarbon found in crude oil and natural gas; used as fuel and in the making of petrochemicals.

Check other terms in previous topics in this series.

Previous topic in the series
Next in the series - Oil & the Environment

Adewale Odubiyi
Owner, Nigeria Oil & Gas Forum

Nigeria Oil & Gas Forum

The Basics of Oil - Part 2
« on: May 11, 2013, 11:43:56 AM »


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