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The Basics of Natural Gas - Part 3
« on: May 11, 2013, 12:54:59 PM »
Storage of Natural Gas

The gas companies collect it in huge storage tanks, or underground, in old gas wells.  The gas remains there until it is added back into the Pipeline when people begin to use more gas, such as in the winter to heat homes.

Natural Gas is moved by pipelines from the producing fields to consumers. Since natural gas demand is greater in the winter, gas is stored along the way in large underground storage systems, such as old Oil and gas wells or caverns formed in old salt beds.

When chilled to very cold temperatures, approximately -260 degrees Fahrenheit, natural gas changes into a liquid and can be stored in this form.  Liquefied natural gas (LNG) can be loaded onto tankers (large ships with several domed tanks) and moved across the ocean to deliver gas to other countries. Once in this form, it takes up only 1/600th of the space that it would in its gaseous state. When this LNG is received, it can be shipped by truck to be held in large chilled tanks close to users or turned back into gas to add to pipelines.

When the gas gets to the communities where it will be used (usually through large pipelines), the gas is measured as it flows into smaller pipelines called "MAINS".   Very small lines, called "SERVICES", connect to the mains and go directly to homes or buildings where it will be used.

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« Last Edit: May 11, 2013, 01:19:54 PM by Adewale Odubiyi »


Adewale Odubiyi
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Nigeria Oil & Gas Forum

The Basics of Natural Gas - Part 3
« on: May 11, 2013, 12:54:59 PM »

 

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