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The Basics of Natural Gas - Part 1
« on: May 11, 2013, 12:31:05 PM »
Formation of Natural Gas

Millions of years ago, the remains of plants and animals decayed and built up in thick layers.  This decayed matter from plants and animals is called organic material -- it was once alive.  Over time, the mud and soil changed to rock, covered the organic material and trapped it beneath the rock.  Pressure and heat changed some of this organic material into Coal, some into Oil (Petroleum), and some into Natural Gas -- tiny bubbles of odorless gas.  The main ingredient in natural gas is Methane, a gas (or compound) composed of one Carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms.

In some places, gas escapes from small gaps in the rocks into the air; then, if there is enough activation energy from lightning or a fire, it burns.  When people first saw the flames, they experimented with them and learned they could use them for heat and light.

Definition of terms

Coal   -   A solid fossil fuel consisting mainly of carbon produced by the compression of decayed plants.

Natural Gas   -   An odorless, colorless, tasteless, non-toxic clean-burning fossil fuel. It is usually found in fossil fuel deposits and used as a fuel.

Methane   -   A colorless, flammable, odorless hydrocarbon gas (CH4) which is the major component of natural gas. It is also an important source of hydrogen in various industrial processes. Methane is a greenhouse gas.

Carbon   -   The base of all hydrocarbons; capable of combining with hydrogen in almost numberless hydrocarbon compounds. The carbon content of a hydrocarbon determines, to a degree, the hydrocarbon's burning characteristics and qualities.

Next in the series - Natural Gas Sources
The Basics of Liquefied Natural Gas
The Basics of Oil
« Last Edit: May 11, 2013, 02:38:08 PM by Adewale Odubiyi »


Adewale Odubiyi
Owner, Nigeria Oil & Gas Forum

Nigeria Oil & Gas Forum

The Basics of Natural Gas - Part 1
« on: May 11, 2013, 12:31:05 PM »

 

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