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The 10 Biggest Oil Spills In World History - Part 2
« on: May 14, 2013, 11:39:43 AM »
Since the dawn of modern oil exploitation in the 19th century, a sad but inevitable truth has rung true: accidents happen and oil spills. The ten biggest oil disasters in the oil and gas industry on this list amount to a cumulative hydrocarbon loss of 40.8 million barrels and cost 53 lives.

6. Kolva River Oil Spill

Period:              September 8th, 1994
Location:           Usinsk, Komi Republic, Russian Federation
Casualties:        n/a
Amount spilled: 2 million barrels (84 million gallons)

A badly corroded pipeline around the northern Russian town of Usinsk had been leaking for eight months, contained by a dike erected around the leak site.

Severe weather conditions caused this dam to collapse, resulting in the millions of gallons of accumulated oil spilling across the fragile Siberian tundra and into the Kolva River, a tributary of the Pechora River that flows into the Barents Sea.

23 species of flora and fauna were affected by the disaster which polluted 186 km˛ of grass and marshlands.

5. Atlantic Empress / Aegean Oil Spill

Period:              July 19th, 1979
Location:           Off the coast of Trinidad and Tobago
Casualties:        26 dead
Amount spilled: 2.14 million barrels (90 million gallons)

Two VLCCs, the Atlantic Empress and the Aegean Captain collided during a tropical storm in the Caribbean Sea. The two vessels burst into flame on impact, claiming the lives of 26 seamen.

The fire aboard the Aegean Captain was tamed by her crew, but the blaze on the Atlantic Empress raged uncontrolled.

She was towed away from the original collision site, still haemorrhaging crude until a series of explosions downed the vessel on August 3rd. Although massive in scale, the Atlantic Empress/Aegean Oil spill was only the second largest such incident of that calendar year.

4. Ixtoc 1 Oil Spill

Period:              June 3rd, 1979
Location:           Bay of Campeche off Ciudad del Carmen, Mexico
Casualties:        None
Amount spilled: 3.33 million barrels (140 million gallons)

Just 46 days before the Atlantic Empress/Aegean Oil Spill,a well blowout caused the PEMEX-owned drill rig to explode and collapse.

All 63 hands on board were rescued after the explosion, but oil began gushing out of the ruptured well and into the Gulf of Mexico at a rate of 10,000 to 30,000 barrels a day. PEMEX began drilling two horizontal relief wells soon after the spill but did not reach the Ixtoc 1 well until November.

The well was finally capped on March 25, 1980, some ten months after the original incident, having affected 2,800 km2 of open water and 261 km of shoreline.

3. Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

Period:                 April 22, 2010
Location:              Gulf of Mexico
Casualties:          11 dead
Amount spilled:     An estimated 4.9 million barrels (140 million gallons)

A wellhead blowout and subsequent explosion aboard the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig set in motion the worst oil disaster in the history of the Gulf of Mexico. A rupture in the 5,000 foot deep Macondo 252 high pressure high temperature well entrained an oil jet of as much 60,000 barrels of oil per day pumping into the Gulf.

After several unsuccessful attempts to kill the well, it was finally capped on July 15th, 2010.

At its greatest extent the slick covered as much as 180,000 km2 of the Gulf’s surface, with the great majority of oil remaining submerged after the use of 1.82 million gallons of dispersant.


Adewale Odubiyi
Owner, Nigeria Oil & Gas Forum

Nigeria Oil & Gas Forum

The 10 Biggest Oil Spills In World History - Part 2
« on: May 14, 2013, 11:39:43 AM »

 

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