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Author Topic: The 10 Biggest Oil Spills In World History - Part 1  (Read 1482 times)

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The 10 Biggest Oil Spills In World History - Part 1
« on: May 14, 2013, 11:05:59 AM »
Since the dawn of modern oil exploitation in the 19th century, a sad but inevitable truth has rung true: accidents happen and oil spills. The ten biggest oil disasters in the oil and gas industry on this list amount to a cumulative hydrocarbon loss of 40.8 million barrels and cost 53 lives.

10. ABT Summer Oil Spill

Period:                May 28th, 1991
Location:            700 nautical miles (1,300 km) off the coast of Angola
Casualties:         Five dead
Amount spilled:  1.21 million barrels (51-81 million gallons)

The Liberian-registered ABT Summer exploded one month after the M/T Haven carrying a load of 260,000 tonnes of Iranian crude oil. 27 of the crew’s compliment of 32 were rescued in a coordinated response by seven vessels, yet five crew members were lost to the subsequent fire.

An oil slick covering an area of 80 square miles (207 km²) remained ablaze for three days before the ship sank on June 1st, 1991.

9. Amoco Cadiz Oil Spill

Period:                     March 16, 1978
Location:                 3.1 nautical miles (5 km) from the coast of Brittany, France
Casualties:              None
Amount spilled:       1.64 million barrels (69 million gallons)
 
En route from the Persian Gulf to Rotterdam, Netherlands, the Amoco Cadiz was caught in a winter storm that caused damaged to the ship’s rudder and rendered her listless.

The Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC) ran aground just off the coast of Portsall and immediately began haemorrhaging oil. The vessel split in two and within a fortnight the entire load of 227,000 tonnes had spilled into the English Channel polluting 360 km of Breton coastline from Brest to Saint Brieuc.

8. Castillo de Bellver Oil Spill

Period:                 August 6th, 1983
Location:              80 km off Table Bay, South Africa
Casualties:           None
Amount spilled:    1.88 million barrels (79 million gallons)

The Castillo de Bellver caught fire some 70 miles north west of Cape Town, South Africa, carrying a cargo of 250,000 tonnes of light crude oil. The tanker drifted until it capsized and  broke in two 36km off the coast, unleashing a spill of just under half of its crude consignment.

Despite the spill having taken place in an ecologically sensitive area, prevailing winds pushed the slick offshore, resulting in little coastal pollution and negligible environmental impact.

7. Nowruz Oil Field Spill

Period:               January 24th, 1983
Location:            Persian Gulf, Iran
Casualties:        11 dead
Amount spilled:  80 million gallons (1.9 million barrels)

In the midst of the Iran-Iraq War, a supply vessel collided with a rig causing a risers from one of the wellheads to become severed, resulting in a crude oil loss of an estimated 1,500 barrels per day.

On-going hostilities meant that it would take nine months to cap the well with a cement plug, by which time almost 2 million barrels of crude had leaked into the Persian Gulf.

Watch out for the continuation


Adewale Odubiyi
Owner, Nigeria Oil & Gas Forum

Nigeria Oil & Gas Forum

The 10 Biggest Oil Spills In World History - Part 1
« on: May 14, 2013, 11:05:59 AM »

Offline Mr Knowitall.

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Re: The 10 Biggest Oil Spills In World History - Part 1
« Reply #1 on: May 15, 2013, 02:03:08 AM »
With all the technology thats available these days...there shouldn't even be oil spills....just doesn't make an sens to me....

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Re: The 10 Biggest Oil Spills In World History - Part 1
« Reply #2 on: May 15, 2013, 08:19:54 AM »
With all the technology thats available these days...there shouldn't even be oil spills....just doesn't make an sens to me....

Well, every technology has its own downfall at one point or the other. Oil Spills happen everyday even down to the ordinary mechanic on the street. They spill oil everyday and that also contributes to the world's oil spill data.

We just all need to try as much as we can to make the world we inhabit a safer place. That's the mind behind the topic. Thanks for your contribution
Adewale Odubiyi
Owner, Nigeria Oil & Gas Forum

 

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